Mountain Biking 101: Everything You Need to Know

Lifestyle ·
Mountain Biking 101: Everything You Need to Know

Australian mountain biking is more than a popular pastime; it expresses the spirit of exploration and adventure intrinsic to the country's varied topography. Trails in Australia range from verdant rainforests to rocky mountains, making the country a top destination for mountain bikers worldwide.                   


In this article, we'll look at mountain biking in Australia, how it became popular, what kinds of experiences it offers, and how Jackery, a top provider of portable power solutions, has made mountain biking even better. Get out on your mountain bike ride right away!

Table of Contents

Key Takeaways:

Combining physical stamina, technical expertise, and a passion for nature, mountain biking is an exciting and varied activity.                      

There are five mountain biking styles, including trail mountain biking, all-mountain biking, park mountain biking, cross-country mountain biking, and fat-tire biking.

Regarding mountain biking gear, we classify it into six categories: essential gear, hydration & nutrition, clothing, protection, electric items, and repair tools.

We highly recommend Jackery Solar Generator 300 Plus and 500 to charge electronics during your biking trip.

You need to practice biking position, seat position, and braking to improve your techniques.

What Is Mountain Biking? 

Mountain biking combines physical stamina, technical expertise, and a passion for nature, an exciting and varied activity. Bicycling as a sport is venturing off the beaten path, typically across rugged terrain, on bikes explicitly designed to handle the elements.

Simply put, mountain biking pedals a bicycle over unpaved, sometimes rugged, terrain to enhance the bike's handling capabilities. Compared to standard road bikes, they have several unique features. A suspension system cushions them from bumps on the road, and their wide tyres with knobby treads provide extra grip and stability.  

In addition to having solid brakes and lower gear ratios for climbing steep gradients, mountain bikes sometimes have innovative features like dropper posts that enhance manoeuvrability.

What Are The Mountain Biking Styles? 

To assist you in selecting the most suitable bike for your needs, several manufacturers classify their bikes according to the following riding styles. Remember that a bike's intended function isn't always limited to a specific riding style. 

Trail Mountain Biking: Due to the need for a foundation in any one form of racing, trail mountain riding has become the most popular style of mountain biking. Meeting up with friends at a nearby trailhead and riding a variety of terrains, including hills and descents, is what trail riding is all about.  

All-Mountain Biking: When you hear "all-mountain biking" or "enduro riding," see it as trail riding with an ascent and descent component. More significant, more taxing climbs, longer, more nerve-wracking descents, and more technical aspects, both natural and artificial, characterise this type of ride. 

Cross-Country Mountain Biking: Fast, technical riding focusing on climbing ability is the hallmark of cross-country mountain biking. Bikes are great for longer endurance rides because of their lightweight and efficient design.

Park Mountain Biking: During the summer at ski resorts, this riding style is commonly enjoyed at bike parks serviced by lifts. You don full-face helmets and armour while you ride large, powerful motorcycles. There are fewer gears, more travel in the suspension, and more robust components in the bikes.

Fat-Tire Biking: Imagine a bike with enormous tyres that could effortlessly traverse any terrain; it would be ideal for fat-tire riding. Tyre widths of at least 3.7 inches (up to 5 inches) are characteristic of fat-tire motorcycles. Both snow and sand are no match for their exceptional traction.  

Mountain Biking Gear 

Adventure, physical health, and a profound bond with the environment are all brought together in mountain biking, an exciting and demanding activity. The equipment has also progressed with the sport, becoming more complex and suited to various riding styles. The following is a list of the six most common types of mountain bike equipment.

  • Basic mountain biking gear
  • Hydration & nutrition
  • Mountain biking clothing
  • Protection gear
  • Electric gear
  • Tools & repair kit

Having the correct gear is essential for fun and safety whether you're just starting or are a seasoned veteran. Here, we'll go over the fundamentals of mountain biking, including what gear is necessary and how to pick the best bike for the ride.

mountain biking gear

Basic Mountain Biking Gear

Since it is the primary tool for this activity, picking out a good mountain bike is essential. Consider the terrain you'll be riding on, your riding style, your budget, and the bike's design before deciding on a mountain bike. When shopping for a mountain bike, keep these features in mind.

Basic Mountain Biking Gear

Cross-Country Bike

All-Mountain Bike

Downhill Bike

Trail Bike

Fat Bike

No Suspension Bike

Front Suspension

Full Suspension

26in Bike

27.5in Bike

27.5+in Bike

29in Bike

You may find fat, cross-country, all-mountain, downhill, and trail bikes among the many varieties of mountain bikes. Different kinds of terrain and riding styles call for various types of bikes. Light and well-suited to swift riding on mostly flat terrain, cross-country bikes are one example. In contrast, downhill bikes are specifically engineered to tackle challenging downhill terrains.

The material used for the frame affects the bike's strength, weight, and longevity. Material types such as titanium, carbon fibre, steel, and aluminium are common. The most prevalent is aluminium since metal is inexpensive and lightweight.

The suspension influences the feel and handling of the ride. There are three distinct types of bike suspensions: complete, front, and no suspension at all.

In the adult mountain bike market, 26", 27.5", and 29" wheels are usually seen. Although heavier and perhaps less elegant, larger wheels roll more readily over obstacles. The bike's size should fit the rider's body well for optimal comfort and power transmission.

Hydration and Nutrition

The ideal balance of energy, stamina, and recovery is essential for riders as they power over rugged terrains, climb steep inclines, and descend fast. So, what is the critical part for mountain bikers? That is getting enough to eat and drink.

It is essential to stay hydrated. It is more handy because you can drink from a hydration pack instead of a water bottle. For rides of a longer duration, it is recommended to include energy snacks or gels. Every mountain biker needs the following nutrition and hydration gear:

Mountain Biking Hydration & Nutrition

Whole Grains


Brown Rice


Lean Meats




Energy Bar



Protein Smoothie


Fatty Fish



These provide the majority of the energy that the body uses. Eat something heavy in carbs, such as oatmeal, brown rice, or whole grains, at least two to three hours before you hit the road. The result is a consistent release of energy.

Performance issues, cramping, and vertigo are all symptoms of dehydration. Staying hydrated is essential for mountain bikers' safety and performance on the challenging terrains they ride across.

Mountain Biking Clothing

What to wear when mountain biking is a question you may have. From exhilarating downhill slopes to challenging uphill climbs, mountain biking is an experience in and of itself. In addition to strength and stamina, this thrilling adventure requires the proper apparel and safety equipment to guarantee a pleasant and risk-free experience.

The three most important things to look for in mountain biking apparel are breathability, durability, and protection from the elements. This is the outfit:

Mountain Biking Clothing System




Base Layers

To stay dry, search for lightweight, breathable jerseys that are ideally manufactured from fabrics that wick away sweat. A high-quality mountain bike jersey will also include a longer back to provide more coverage while riding.

Unlike your average pair of shorts, mountain bike shorts are often baggier, giving you greater freedom of movement and more protection from the elements and vegetation. Many include cushioned lining so you can ride comfortably, even for lengthy periods.

Layers worn beneath a shell assist keep the body at a constant temperature, even in cold weather. You may expect the same level of comfort and dryness from them as with jerseys made of moisture-wicking fabric.

Mountain Biking Protection Gear

There is a potential for injury while mountain biking, but it may be significantly reduced by wearing the proper protective gear. Any protective gear can be helpful, depending on your riding style, but it will add bulk, sweat, and pain to your ride.

While mountain riding, there are a few things that can keep you safe:

Mountain Biking Protection Gear





Knee Pads

Elbow Pads


Neck Brace

The helmet is the most essential safety equipment. Helmets explicitly made for mountain biking provide superior protection, especially for the rear of the head, compared to road-riding helmets.

Protective and comfortable gloves are a must-have. In addition to enhancing grip and dampening vibration on arduous paths, they shield your hands from cuts and scrapes caused by plants. For optimal protection while mountain riding, even in warm weather, it is advisable to wear full-fingered gloves.

Goggles or sunglasses shield your eyes from harmful UV radiation, dirt, and debris. For all-day comfort and protection, search for glasses with good impact resistance and think about getting photochromic lenses that automatically adjust to varying lighting conditions.

Mountain Biking Technology

Thanks to technology, bikes are getting trickier and maybe even better in some ways. The fitting of wireless electric shifting and lower seatposts has been surprisingly easy, and they work well. More and more cars now have suspensions that are controlled electronically.

Mountain Biking Technology

Wireless Shifting

Activated Suspension



Sports Watch




Portable Speaker


Camping Gear

Jackery Solar Generator

Use a GPS or a smartphone with a good mountain bike app for roads you haven't been on before. Maps from the past can also be used as backups. For safety, you should have good front and back lights if you plan to ride at night or early in the morning.

Thanks to electronics, setting up your suspension and tyres is now easier. Naturally, technology will show up on more new bikes and bike parts.

how jackery solar generator works for biking

One such technology is the Jackery Solar Generator, a compact power station with Jackery Solar Panels that turn solar energy into electricity. This lets you charge your devices while you're out riding. This is especially helpful for long rides with few places to plug in.

Use GPS devices or smartphone apps to navigate trails and track your progress. The Jackery can keep these devices charged throughout your trip. For those who enjoy capturing their rides or listening to music, the Jackery can charge cameras, GoPros, and speakers, enhancing your riding experience.

Mountain Biking Tools & Repair Kit

It would be best always to have tools on hand if you encounter mechanical issues while riding, such as a flat tyre, broken chain, or a loose bolt. With the correct set of tools, you can maintain your bike in good working order, tweak it to make it perform better, and fix it when it fails.

Mountain Biking Repair Tools

Spare Tube

Patch Kit

Tire Levers

Bike Pump


Allen Wrenches

Open-End Wrenches

Chain Tool



Spoke Wrench

Duct Tape

Zip Ties

Spare Tire

Spare Brake Cable

Spare Nuts

Spare Bolts

Chain Links

Spare Spokes


A tyre lever, a patch kit or spare tube, a multi-tool with hex keys and screwdrivers, and a small pump or CO2 inflator should be the essentials of any basic repair kit. Having a modest first aid kit on hand is also a good idea.

Your mechanical abilities, the distance from civilisation, and the difficulty of the trail or road you'll be travelling will determine which tools are essential.

If you're starting on two wheels, it's best to stick to the essentials. You may upgrade your gear to accommodate more challenging journeys as you acquire confidence and expertise.

Jackery Solar Generators for Mountain Biking

One such technology is the Jackery, a portable power station that lets you charge your devices in the wild. This is especially helpful for long rides with few places to plug in.

Electric Gear



Power Needed









Sports Watch












By connecting Jackery Solar Panels to Jackery Portable Power Stations, the Jackery Solar Generator maximises solar energy use. Jackery Portable Power Stations offer multiple power output options, such as AC outlets, DC connectors, and USB ports, to charge appliances and power electrical tools. 

We highly recommend Jackery Solar Generator 300 Plus and 500 for mountain biking trips since they are compact and light with higher capacities.


Solar Generator 300 Plus

Solar Generator 500

Working Hours

GPS Device (50W): 4.8H; Light (10W): 24H; Sports Watch (70W): 3.4H; Phone (4.5W): 58H; Radio (15W): 16H

GPS Device (50W): 8.8H; Light (10W): 44H; Sports Watch (70W): 6.3H; Phone (4.5W): 97.8H; Radio (15W): 29.3H

Jackery Solar Generator 300 Plus

The Jackery Solar Generator 300 Plus is an innovative solution for reliable, portable power during your outdoor adventures. Designed with convenience and efficiency, this lightweight unit easily fits into your backpack, making it an excellent companion for camping, mountain biking, or any off-grid expeditions.

This solar generator features a high-capacity Lithium Iron Phosphate battery that boasts a whopping 10-year lifespan, offering a sustained energy source that outperforms traditional generators. This durable, long-lasting battery delivers a constant voltage and pure sine wave, ensuring safety and compatibility with all your electrical appliances.

It offers a strong output of 300W along with a substantial capacity of 288Wh. The dual PD ports can have up to 100W output, allowing you to charge multiple devices simultaneously. This generator covers you whether you need to charge your laptop, phone, radio, or any other device.

jackery solar generator 300 plus

Jackery Solar Generator 500

A Jackery Solar Generator 500 combines SolarSaga 80W or 100W solar panels to turn sunlight into electricity with the Explorer 500 portable power station. It is easy to charge your electrical devices outdoors. For example, it can charge a 0.35A GPS device for 8.8 hours to help bikers have enough power for navigation. The Jackery Explorer 500 Portable Power Station charges low to high-power equipment for extended lengths.  

The power station's huge 518Wh battery capacity, portability, foldable handle, lower noise level (46dB, similar to a human whisper), lightweight (6.4 kg), and industry-leading BMS technology make it ideal for short-term outdoor adventures. The Jackery Explorer 500 Portable Power Station contains:

  • Three USB-A connectors.
  • One AC outlet.
  • Two DC ports.
  • A carport for charging essential appliances. 

At the heart of the Jackery Explorer 500 is the state-of-the-art intelligent Battery Management System coupled with a pure sine wave inverter. This advanced system delivers stable power output to your appliances, ensuring their efficient operation.

jackery solar generator 500

Mountain Biking Tips

Mountain biking can be done anywhere. Riding off-road has several benefits, including increased oxygen intake, improved cardiovascular health, and the thrill of sweeping vistas and thrilling descents in mountainous or hilly terrain. For those who are just starting, this article provides some fundamental approaches.  

Biking Position

Keeping your body neutral is ideal for riding on less tricky parts of trails. This makes getting into the ready position for rough terrain easy while keeping you moving quickly and comfortably. Among those who hold no opinion are:

  • Level pedals that are uniformly weighted.
  • A modest bend in the elbows and knees.
  • Index fingers on the brake levers 100% of the time (rim brakes typically require two fingers).
  • Keep your gaze directed towards your desired destination rather than away from obstacles, and look fifteen to twenty feet ahead.

It would be best to assume the ready stance, also known as the assault position, when the terrain becomes more challenging, such as when the path becomes steeper or rockier. The ready posture is a great way to prepare your body and mind to tackle the course's most challenging parts. Included in the ready posture are:

  • Ensure your pedals are level and evenly weighted.
  • Bend at the knees and elbows deeply, as if you were creating chicken wings with your arms bent at a 90-degree angle.
  • The back of the body is away from the seat, and the hips move backwards.
  • Ensure your back is level and almost parallel to the ground.
  • Always use your index fingers on the brake levers, even when using rim brakes, which typically require two fingers.
  • Keep gazing ahead, approximately 15 to 20 feet; focus on the direction you wish to travel rather than the one you do not.
Seat Position

Putting your seat in the right place can help you get your body in the correct position for going up and down.

Climbing: To rise, put your seat in a way that makes pedalling as efficient as possible. When your foot reaches the lowest point of the pedal stroke, your leg should bend just a bit, up to about 80% to 90% of its entire length. This helps you use your main leg muscles more effectively and powerfully when you run. 

Descending: When it's time to go down, lower your seat about two or three inches below the height you set for going up. Your centre of gravity goes down when you lower your seat. This gives you more control and trust on high descents. You may try a few different ones to find the best height.


The brakes should work consistently and be easy to control. The front brake gives you the most stopping power, but you'll go over the bars if you grab it too hard. Instead, use the brakes lightly, and make sure you do this on both the front and back brakes equally. To keep from skidding, don't squeeze too quickly or all of a sudden.

To keep yourself stable while you're stopping, move your hips back, drop your heels, and keep your knees and arms slightly bent. This pose keeps you in charge and prevents you from moving forward too much on the bike. 

Mountain Biking Trials in Australia

The vast regions of Australia make mountain biking a lot of fun. Think about what amount of skill you have when picking a trail: beginner, intermediate, or advanced.

Seek out trails that say "green" or "easy." These paths usually have few obstacles and mild slopes, making them great for people just starting.

This type of trail, called "blue," has a mix of mild slopes and obstacles. These are good for riders with a little more skill.

Advanced paths, marked with a "black" or "double black diamond," are made for experienced riders and have steep terrain and tricky obstacles.

Think about the kind of experience you want before you choose a place. Do you like coast views, walks through the rainforest, or trails in the desert? Because Australia has a lot of different environments, you can find a trail you like. The best mountain bike trails in Australia can be seen below.

best mountain biking trails in australia

(Image Source: Unsplash)

Mountain Biking FAQs

The frequently asked questions about mountain biking are listed below:

1. What size of solar generator do I need for mountain biking?

Based on your energy requirements, you may select a Jackery Solar Generator with a capacity between 300Wh and 12 kWh. Power output is one of the most important considerations when choosing one for mountain biking. It is determined by the power output of a generator and which appliances and devices it can operate. The formula for determining the operational hours of electronics powered by Jackery Solar Generators is as follows:

Working Hours (H) = [Jackery Solar Generator Capacity (Wh)*0.85] / Appliance's Wattage (W)

The Jackery Solar Generator 500 (518Wh) can supply power to a 40W portable light for 12 hours (518*0.85/40). Employing this formula makes it straightforward to ascertain which of your appliances will continue functioning and which are appropriate for mountain biking.

2. Is mountain biking hard for beginners?

Particularly on rough terrain, learning to ride a mountain bike can be a harsh task for novices. You can learn to traverse trails and have fun doing it with some practice and little steps. Get your feet wet on less challenging terrain, hone your fundamental skills, and see whether a beginner's class is an option.  

3. How long does it take to learn mountain biking?

If you've never been cycling or done any other endurance sport before, it might take you six months of daily riding (at least twice or three times a week) to get fit and learn how to handle your bike. After six more months of regular practice, you'll be ready to go on more challenging tracks. 

Final Thoughts

Mountain biking lets you get close to nature and gives you a rush of energy. Now you know why getting the right gear and bike tips is essential for your safety and enjoyment of this activity. Using renewable energy sources like the Jackery Solar Generator is a wise choice that will give you stable power backup while travelling. 

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